The anatomy of a fixed blade knife is made up of several essential parts. Each part plays an important role in the performance and durability of the knife. Here is a breakdown of the most important parts of a fixed blade knife:

Blade – This is arguably the most important part of your fixed blade knife. It can be composed from various types of steels, each offering different properties and advantages. Different grinds such as flat, hollow, and Scandinavian have their own advantages for specific uses. Depending on your usage needs, you may opt for a different blade style or material to suit your preferences.

Handle – Typically composed from materials such as rubber, G-10 or micarta fibre scales, Titanium or stainless steel liners, handle materials play a large role in an overall feel that you get with handling and use. The design also plays an important role when it comes to ergonomics; ensuring stability when gripping under stress or use in tricky situations can be greatly enhanced through improved shapes designed through multiple iterations of testing and feedback.

Tang – The portion of the knife connecting the handle and blade comprise what is known as the tang, often seen in two forms (full tangs & stick/hidden tangs). Full tang blades are usually epoxied into slabs before scales are added to them whereas hidden tangs are much more simplified with no additional scales; these typically push into pre-cut holes pegged onto handles instead permanently attaching them together. Tangs offer additional strength for heavier tasks such as food preparation, hunting or field tasks – adding structural rigidity for any given task it’d be utilized for provides further assurance users that it won’t let them down when expecting it to perform when needed most.

Bolster – Found as connectors between handles and blades on full tang knives constitute in additional safety feature ensuring that none hands from slipping onto sharp cutting edges during extended periods of use while providing visual balance although not always needed they provide refinement by allowing finer controls on how much texture or weight needs to be distributed throughout its total size profile which must be carefully designed taking into consideration altering preferences user might prefer if any exist at all.

Types of Blades

Fixed blade knives come in many types and sizes. The most common are the straight-back, clip-point, spear-point and drop-point blades. Each has a distinct purpose and practical advantages that make it suitable for certain tasks. Straight-back blades have a straight flat edge and a strong spine making them very durable but difficult to sharpen. Clip-point blades are angled at the end allowing for more precise cutting, leading them to be used as hunting knives or utility blades. Spear – point blades have a symmetrical point which makes them an excellent stabbing tool and fighting knife with good balance and thin blade profile . Drop-point blades are popular on hunting knives with their curved edge, thick spine for strength, and sharp point for precision work such as skinning animals.

Other types of fixed blade knives may feature serrated edges or strong recurves for increased performance when cutting through tough materials such as ropes or vegetation. Tanto tipped blades can offer superior penetrating power, while wharncliffe tips provide maximum slicing capability due to the lack of any curves along the edge of the knife . There are also daggers, gut hooks, kukris and push/pull knives that all offer their own unique attributes suited towards particular purposes.

Handle Materials

G10: G10 is a composite material made of layers of thin glass and carbon fiber epoxied together. It’s quite lightweight, resistant to temperature changes, and is usually easy to grip with its textured surface. On the downside, it isn’t as durable or resistant to wear compared to some other materials so it may scratch or chip from daily use.

Micarta: Micarta is a composite material created by combining linen cloth, paper, canvas or other similar fibers mixed with a resin binder. It is extremely strong, tough and durable with excellent abrasion resistance. It also provides a great grip as it doesn’t slip in either wet or dry conditions due to its texture. The downfall of this option would be that it is heavier than most handle materials.

Wood: Wood handles offer advantages such as being lightweight and offering good aesthetics – each one being completely unique depending on the type of wood used and grain patterns it has. Additionally, they are often cheaper than the other options available too. However the biggest downside is their lack of durability which means they may require more maintenance if used in tougher environments or conditions resulting in frequent repair and replacement over time.

Tang Types

The tang is the portion of the fixed blade knife which extends beyond the handle. Tangs come in a variety of types with different advantages and disadvantages, depending on the type used.

Full Tang – This is the most common and strongest form of a tang style. The full tang covers all or most of the length of the handle and continues beyond it into a point where it can be attached to a pommel or guard element. The handle connects to each side of the knife’s spine between rivets or other attachment points. Full tang knives are very durable and require minimal maintenance.

Partial Tang – Unlike full tangs, partial tangs don’t extend through the entire length of the handle; instead, they’ll either stop at a certain point or may only partially traverse it. These designs often use an extra layer material like leather bound around a rat-tail stake to secure certain parts together as needed — or multiple pieces bolted together for additional stability (e.g., a guard). These offer versatility, but have decreased stability compared to full-tang designs because they are more vulnerable to accidental breakage since they put more stress on smaller sections of metal at each connection point between blade and handle elements.

Hidden Tang – In this type of tang, the steel extends into but not through one end of the handle before ending abruptly in an unseen tip known as a stick tang. Handle elements become glued-down slabs that are secured with epoxy adhesive overtop and encase this steel core onto which pins, nuts, washers etc are oftentimes further integrated for additional security; as such these can still be considered very solid joints with enhanced decoration potential from various options like recycled pearls, stones or spacer pieces sandwiched between these parts for attractive contrast effects without compromising strength .


The bolsters of a fixed blade knife are important parts as they not only add ornamental design elements to the look of the knife, but they also contribute a great deal to its overall strength and durability. A bolster can be made from several different types of materials, and typically appears on either side of the knife’s handle. Its primary purpose is to provide structural support in the form of reinforcement for both the handle and blade where it attaches to it. It helps distributing weight across the entire length of the blade evenly so that there is less stress placed on it during use.

There are several different styles of bolsters available depending on the purpose and application of your particular fixed blade knife; some examples are half-tang, full tang, stepped tang or projection bolster, integral bolster, etc. Half-tang bolsters are perfect for those looking for an ultra fast release when operating their knives while full tang provides a more secure lock up with extreme rigidity when held tightly in place; thus maximizing resistance against impacts should the worst occur. Stepped Tang bolsters are flush mounted into the handle giving exceptional grip while having an elegant appearance while projection bolsters offer maximum security by covering much of the handle’s surface area when put under pressure preventing unwanted damage or slipping away from your hand altogether. Lastly, integral bolsters give an immaculate finish but require special tools which come at an extra cost yet are worth every penny due to their excellence in craftsmanship and quality; integral bolsters also extend along most of their knives offering them additional strength for heavy-duty applications where metal fatigue could normally be a possibility without additional structure.


A guard is an integral part of any fixed-blade knife. It serves as a protective sheath for the knife’s blade, shielding the user’s hand from coming into direct contact with it during use. Guard placement can vary greatly depending on the design of the knife, but is typically found at either the midpoint or near the handle. A guard may also be referred to as a “crossguard”, due to its typical shape when viewed from above.

The benefits of a guard are multiple: they provide an added level of safety while using your knife, allowing you to have greater control over your blades trajectory during cutting and stabbing motions; they also act as a shield against potential cuts should your blade come in contact with other objects during insertion or extraction of its stored location; finally, guards offer additional structural support for the entire knife construction, protecting it from damage associated with lateral impact such as dropping onto concrete or hard surfaces. This makes them invaluable in terms of both performance and durability. Guards also add stylistic union between handle and blade designs—creating a cohesive look that can really make even the simplest knives stand out amongst their peers.


A sheath is the cover that is designed to protect the fixed blade of a knife. Sheaths come in a variety of materials, including leather, nylon, rigid plastics, and kydex. Leather sheaths are generally preferred as they allow moisture to escape while providing protection from scratches and other harm. Nylon sheaths provide strong waterproof protection while being lightweight and fairly inexpensive. Rigid plastic sheaths offer strong protection from bumps and drops but can crack if exposed to extreme temperatures or long-term exposure to direct sunlight. Kydex sheaths are made of a thermoplastic material that is tough enough to even resist impacts from heavy objects or bullets. They are also waterproof but will melt if frequently exposed to high temperatures over extended periods of time. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each type of sheath material can help you make an informed decision when selecting a option for your fixed blade knife.

Maintenance Tips

Clean your knife blade regularly. Using a damp cloth, gently wipe the blade. Avoid using chemical cleaners as they can damage the steel and metals used on the knife. Dry the blade thoroughly with a soft cloth to ensure there is no moisture remaining on it.

Oil your knife’s blade regularly. Add small amounts of mineral oil or another special knife oil to ensure rust prevention and maintain optimal performance of your fixed-blade knife.

Store your knife in its sheath when not in use. This will better protect the edge of the blade from being dulled by knocking against any other objects like tile thinking about common utensils, desk clutter, etc. It will also protect you from potential risk of injury should you lose control of the handle while putting it away or pulling it out for use.

Avoid dropping your fixed blade knife as much as possible. Dropping knives on hard surfaces can cause dings, nicks and even cracks in the blades leading to reduced performance and potential safety risks when being handled at a later time if unnoticed during maintenance checks and cleaning/re-oiling processes before usage again .