Knives are essential tools for many different tasks, from cooking and self-defense to carpentry and camping. But most modern knives have a lot of different parts that come together to form their shape and function. In this article, we’ll explore the names of these knife parts in detail.

Blade: The main body of the knife is known as the blade. This is the portion that contains a sharp edge used for cutting or slashing. Most blades have a “point” at the end of them which serves as an additional cutting surface. On folding pocket knives, you may find several blade types including standard drop points, clip points, spear points, hollow grinds, tanto blades and hawkbills. Some specialty knifes even have recurved blades or trailing point blades with curves that add aesthetic value while boosting performance too.

Handle: The handle is the portion attached to the end of the blade and gives you an area to grip when using it. Various materials are used for handles such as durable woods like walnut or mahogany, plastic composites with textured grips for increased comfort and control as well as specialized metal handles with rubber molded grips for superior grip in wet conditions or extreme temperatures. Folding knives usually also place their locking mechanisms here such as liner locks, frame locks, lever lock systems and more so that when opened they remain secure during your task at hand.

Bolster: The bolster provides reinforcement to a knife’s handle by either acting as a physical barrier between your grip hand and blade edge (such as on full tang knives) or providing strength near where two portions connect (such as near hilt sections of folding knives). Bolsters can be made out of both metal alloys or plastics depending on what kind of use they will endure.

Spine: The spine is an extension of the back side of many blades which slightly raises up over time due to natural wear (especially on traditional carbon steel options) giving you an easy reference tool when honing it back down to true cutting form through sharpening on whetstones or even more modern methods like electric powered ones like belt sanders etc… Spines often provide default proper resting positions for fingers naturally so it’s good practice having some reference spot knowing how far away not to let your flesh come into contact with it before pivoting forward towards what needs cut!

Anatomy of a Knife

Blade: This is the most recognized part of a knife and also arguably its most important. The blade is what makes a knife capable of cutting, slicing, or piercing objects. It’s typically made from steel and consists of two bevels that form an edge in the middle.

Handle: The purpose of the handle is to give the user a secure grip and control over the knife. It traditionally consists of multiple sections held together by pins, screws, or bolts. Common materials for a conventional knife handles include wood, injection-molded plastic, fiberglass reinforced nylon (FRN), paracord-wrapped materials, G10 laminates, aluminum alloys, and titanium.

Pommel – Also known as a butt cap, this is an additional security measure found at the end of the handle which prevents it from slipping out when in use or stored away.

Tang: This is an essential element of any knife design as it’s responsible for attaching the blade to the handle. Tangs can be full (running through entire length of handle) or partial (stopped halfway).

Guard: This small piece sits between the blade and handle to act as a safety feature that protects against accidental stabbing when using the knife with greater force than necessary.

The Blade

The blade of a knife is arguably its most important part, as it’s what makes the tool functional. Knives come in many shapes and sizes, and each blade defines its form and purpose. Generally speaking, all blades contain some type of cutting edge. This edge can be straight or serrated, single- or double-sided, wide or narrow, pointed or blunt. It all depends on the knife design as to what shape of cutting edge will be used.

In addition to the cutting edge, there are other parts which make up the blade of a knife such as the bolster (the thickest portion between the handle and the blade), tip (the pointed end of a knife), spine (the back side of a blade), ricasso (the flat area just above where the handle meets the blade), tang (the full length of steel contained within the handle) and choil (cutout in front of bolster). All these elements work together to contribute to how sharp and effective a blade will be when used for its intended purpose.

The Handle

The handle of a knife is arguably the most important part, as it provides a secure and comfortable grip for the user. There are many different types of grips available, from a standard full-sized grip to smaller, more rounded ones. The most common materials used in knife handles are rubber, wood, metal, micarta and G10. Rubber gives a comfortable feel while providing great friction with water-resistant properties. Wood can give a more classic look, but also takes considerable time to dry after use. Metal is strong and durable but can become extremely cold in cold environments. Micarta is one of the most popular materials used due to its lightweight nature and superior strength. G10 provides textures that offer better grip than both rubber and wood. In addition to the material choices, some knives have contoured finger grooves which could add comfort while providing better balance while handling food or other items in tight spaces.

Additional Parts

Fasteners: Fasteners are the essential components that help keep a knife handle and blade together. Common types of fasteners include washers, slotted screws, and rivets. According to experts, knives with higher-grade fasteners tend to last longer.

Guards: Guards and bolsters are decorative metal attachments that can be found on some pocket knives, or on larger kitchen or hunting knives. These parts are designed to add strength to the handle, improve balance, and prevent your fingers from slipping onto the blade.

Other Parts: Certain manufacturers might add more components to their knives in order to differentiate them from other similar products. For example, some common additions include flippers for easier opening, thumbstuds for maneuverability, pivot collars for maintenance adjustments, lanyard tubes for attaching straps or tags, and spacers between handles and blades for improved balance.

Design Variations

The specific parts of a knife vary depending on the type, size and style. In general, most knives will have a handle, blade and locking mechanism (if applicable). For folding knives, there may also be a hinge, pivot pin and pocket clip. More intricate designs may feature additional components like a guard to protect fingers from slipping onto the blade; bolsters to protect against heat transfer from hands to blade; choils for finesse cutting tasks; or jimping to improve control when slicing. Custom knife makers often use materials like carbon fiber or exotic woods layered with metals in the handles for an added aesthetic value. When it comes to blades themselves, design considerations such as thickness of the spine and grind (or angle) of the edge can vastly influence function and performance.


From its handle to its cutting edge, every part of a knife is important. Whether you’re using a kitchen or outdoor knife, it pays off to learn the various parts of your blade and their related names. Knowing the parts of a knife and how they work together helps with proper care and maintenance, allowing you to get more out of any knife. Researching the parts of a knife can also make it easier to find replacement blades or accessories when you need them. By understanding what makes up a knife, you can ensure that whatever blade you use is properly cared for so it will last longer and perform better. In short, learning the different parts of a knife helps you get more out of your blade and make sure it serves you faithfully for years to come.