Hollow grind sharpening is a process wherein one uses a grinding wheel to sharpen an item such as a tool or knife. This technique is often used to create a sharp and even edge on the cutting surface, instead of only sharpening the blade using abrasive stones. It involves grinding the material at an angle in order to give it shape and remove any excess material on the sides of the blade while maintaining its integrity and strength. The hollow grind helps reduce drag when slicing or cutting objects, resulting in smoother, faster and more precise cuts. Additionally, it adds beauty and aesthetics to the finished product.

Specialized vs. General Purpose Hollow Grinding

Hollow grinding is a process of sharpening blades with curved surfaces that are tapered outward at their edges. Specialized hollow grind sharpening often involves an experienced-hand with a special tool while general purpose hollow grinding might refer to the use of some kind of machine, such as a belt sander. Specialized hollow grind sharpening may also involve honing or burnishing the blade to create an edge that is finer and sharper than what could be done with a general purpose machine. In specialized sharpening, the emphasis is on accuracy and control in order to achieve results beyond what could be done with standard machines. Additionally, specialized tools can usually reduce overall time since adjustments are more specific and consecutive stages in the sharpening process account for less time.

Advantages of Using a Hollow Grind

Using a hollow grind sharpening technique can create a finely finished edge that is both precise and consistent. It requires only a moderate amount of skill to master. The main advantage of the hollow grind is that it quickly removes material, allowing for fast stock removal and refinement. If preferred, the knife may also be honed with finer grits afterwards to improve the cutting performance even further. As an added benefit, this technique is well-suited for sharpening camp axe blades, hatchets, spades, straight razors, pocket knives and kitchen blades alike. Furthermore, this process produces an impressive “burrless” edge that eliminates blade tearing; thus offering consumers safer and longer lasting cuts. As compared to other techniques like flat or convex bevels – as long as both sides of the blade are worked equally – the effects of hollow grinding can be very easily equalized in shape with only hand tools or in a jig set-up using belt sanders or bench grinders.

Disadvantages and Challenges of Using a Hollow Grind

Using a hollow grind for sharpening can be more challenging and time consuming than flat grinding. This is because it requires the use of multiple angles that must be set accurately, as well as the use of specialized techniques and tools to achieve a precise result. Additionally, due to its specialized design, making adjustments with a hollow grind can be extremely difficult and time consuming. Depending on the type of blade being sharpened, some materials may also not respond favorably to a hollow grind since the angle is too steep and will cause chipping or flaking of the blade. Push back against material cutting can also occur when using a hollow grind, resulting in worse cutting performance if the operator is unaware of this issue. Finally, properly maintaining a sharpening jig to ensure accuracy when setting up multiple items with a similar angle is an important task which usually goes neglected by most users who are inexperienced with such setups.

Essential Tools Needed for Hollow Grinind Sharpening

When it comes to sharpening tools and other items with blades, such as knives, scissors, and chisels, hollow grind sharpening can be an effective approach. This technique involves grinding the surface of an object against a wheel where the blade is held in place at the center. The wheel should be composed of a strong, hard material that can withstand consistent exposure to blades. When using hollow grind sharpening a belt grinder is typically needed to produce the finished product.

In addition to the belt grinder, there are several essential tools needed for hollow grind sharpening. First, a tool holder should be used to safely secure and position objects during the grinding process. It should have adjustable slots so that different sized objects can fit into place securely. Additionally, abrasive belts should also be on hand for use with the belt grinder. These come in various grits ranging from very coarse to very fine and can be used depending on how much material one intends to remove when grinding with their object or desired result of the final product. Lastly, eye protection is highly recommended when they pertain to any kind of grinding due to potential safety risks posed by sparks or debris that may occur while performing this task.

Step-by-Step Introduction to Sharpening a Hollow Grind

1. Set up your hollow grind sharpener. This will involve obtaining the necessary materials and setting your sharpening table to ensure that it is level and stable.

2. Attach the sharpening wheel to your machine and set it up according to the machine settings recommended by the manufacturer.

3. Secure whatever knife you are planning on sharpening to the tool rest and make sure it is stable.

4. Begin with a course-grit wheel, such as a 220-grit wheel, to create your initial bevel angle on the blade’s edge. Make sure to apply firm pressure, focusing primarily on keeping a consistent angle while you run your blades across the wheel as evenly as possible on both sides of the blade edge.

5. Gradually increase your grit size until you reach around 600-grit, polishing the cutting edges of your blades. Work consistently but carefully so that you can achieve an even surface which has all scratches removed at each stage (prior to moving up a grit size).

6. once you have reached a 600-grit wheel or something slightly finer, turn off your machine and use an ultrafine felt wheel with some gentle detergent solution on it, going over both sides of the blade multiple times for a professional finish until you can notice some sort of reflection in line with grinding marks made by previously used wheels in order to get rid of any possible small burrs or fine imperfections left behind from earlier grinding steps done before this one

7 Finish with honing oil or stropping compound rubbed onto leather strops or cloth wheels running against each side until finished off with razor sharpness

Tips for Achieving Professional Results

Hollow grind sharpening is a process used to achieve a razor-sharp edge on your tools or blades. It involves grinding an object into a convex shape with two hollowed out grooves. This type of sharpening can require some skill and patience to do it properly, but the results are worth it in terms of producing a very sharp edge that will stay sharp for a long time. To maximize accuracy and reduce wear, use a honing guide or jig for uniformity purposes when grinding the two sides evenly. Ensure your jigs help ensure the evenness of both hollows at each side – you don’t want either side to become too deep or too shallow which will compromise the results. When establishing your area for sharpening, use water or some form of lubrication (rather than oil) to reduce heat build-up during the grinding process; this also helps avoiding aggressive grinding as you will generally find that wider burrs enter more easily while heat buildup—which can dull the tool—is reduced. Lastly, consider using increasingly fine grit stones until you get the desired shape and keen edge on the blade piece being worked on – this need not be done in only one sitting since working too much at once could risk ruining what has been achieved so far!

Cautions to Follow When Sharpening a Hollow Grind

Hollow grind sharpening is a great way to achieve a very sharp blade edge. The hollow-ground edge does tend to be stronger and more durable than other sharpening techniques. However, there are some cautions one should be aware of when sharpening with a hollow grind.

First, always wear protective eyewear when you are performing the process of sharpening with a hollow grind. This will help protect your eyes from any chips or edges which can come off the blade during the sharpening process.

Second, it is especially important to use extra caution when sharpening knives that have a thin blade such as fillet knives or pocket knives. Applying too much pressure can cause the grinding wheel to catch on the blade and take away too much metal, resulting in an unreliable or dangerous knife edge.

Third, always make sure that you check your progress often while using a hollow grind technique so that you know that you’re doing it correctly and evenly across the entire surface of your blade. If not monitored closely, certain areas might end up being ground more than others which would not create an even result.

Finally, it’s also important to keep in mind that because of the way it cuts such thin layers off at once a hollow grind can produce heat quickly so taking regular breaks during grinding sessions is essential for maintaining control over temperature of your blade and its edges.

Alternative Sharpening Methods to Compare with Hollow Grinding

Hollow grinding is an effective method for sharpening an edge to a knife, but there are other options available to compare with it. Another popular sharpening method is called “flat” grinding. This method involves getting the desired angle of the blade on a flat surface and then grinding off material in order to refine the edge of the blade. Flat grinding can be time consuming and uses more material than hollow grinding but can provide superior results in some situations.

Another alternative to consider is stropping. Also referred to as honing, stropping involves using leather or canvas belts with an abrasive compound rubbed into them in order to sharpen and smooth the edge of a blade. Stropping creates a finer edge than either hollow or flat grinding, but does not remove much metal from the blade due to its light nature. It is particularly advantageous when trying to sharpen delicate blades without damaging them too much, but can take longer than normal methods.

Finally, another option is sanding/filing. This differs from a typical hollow grind or flat grind in that it uses files or sandpaper instead of stones and a tool grinder in order to accomplish the same result – sharpening an edge on a blade while leaving behind a uniform finish less likely to catch on objects like cloth or hair. Sanding/filing usually takes more time than usual sharpening methods, and because of this craftsmen typically reserve it for special projects where aesthetics are key concerns..

Final Tips for Mastering Hollow Grind Sharpening

To achieve perfect results with hollow grind sharpening, be sure to use a very gentle approach and take your time. Start with a coarse stone and increase the coarseness as you hone the blade. Before using a finer stone, give the blade one more pass on the course stone just to be sure any remaining burrs or metal bits have been ground off. Additionally, regularly clean both your stones and knife during the process. Any time you lose track of which side was used for a particular grind, stop and check – remembering to avoid cross contamination between sides. Finally, after sharpening you can use stropping as final polishing measure to ensure an incredibly sharp edge.


Hollow grind sharpening is an effective way of creating a sharp and precise cutting edge on the blade. This technique works by grinding away the metal on the side of the blade, giving it a concave shape, while leaving the center of the blade flat. By grinding away more material from one side than another, it allows a very sharp edge to be formed along one edge. The hollow grind offers great results in terms of precision and maintaining an even sharpen across the entire length of the blade. Additionally, this method can also help reduce fatigue caused by frequent sharpening due to its efficient nature. While it requires patience and practice to master, once achieved, hollow grind sharpening is an effective and efficient way to sharpen most blades quickly and easily.